stream_writer

Module provides TelnetWriter and TelnetWriterUnicode.

class TelnetWriter(transport, protocol, *, client=False, server=False, reader=None, loop=None, log=None)

Bases: asyncio.streams.StreamWriter

A writer interface for the telnet protocol.

Telnet IAC Interpreter.

Almost all negotiation actions are performed through the writer interface, as any action requires writing bytes to the underling stream. This class implements feed_byte(), which acts as a Telnet Is-A-Command (IAC) interpreter.

The significance of the last byte passed to this method is tested by instance attribute is_oob, following the call to feed_byte() to determine whether the given byte is in or out of band.

A minimal Telnet Protocol method, asyncio.Protocol.data_received(), should forward each byte to feed_byte, which returns True to indicate the given byte should be forwarded to a Protocol reader method asyncio.StreamReader.feed_data().

Parameters:
  • client (bool) – Whether the IAC interpreter should react from the client point of view.
  • server (bool) – Whether the IAC interpreter should react from the server point of view.
  • log (logging.Logger) – target logger, if None is given, one is created using the namespace 'telnetlib3.stream_writer'.
  • loop (asyncio.base_events.BaseEventLoop) – set the event loop to use. The return value of asyncio.get_event_loop() is used when unset.
byte_count = 0
can_write_eof()
client

Whether this stream is of the client’s point of view.

close()
cmd_received = None
default_linemode = <b'\x10': lit_echo:True, soft_tab:False, ack:False, trapsig:False, remote:True, local:False>
default_slc_tab = {b'\x07': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x01': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x0e': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x08': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\t': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x06': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x04': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x10': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x03': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x0c': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x02': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x12': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC_nosupport object>, b'\x0b': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\n': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x0f': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x11': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC_nosupport object>, b'\r': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x05': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>}
drain()

Flush the write buffer.

The intended use is to write

w.write(data) yield from w.drain()
echo(data)

Conditionally write data to transport when “remote echo” enabled.

Parameters:data (bytes) – string received as input, conditionally written.
Return type:None

The default implementation depends on telnet negotiation willingness for local echo, only an RFC-compliant telnet client will correctly set or unset echo accordingly by demand.

feed_byte(byte)

Feed a single byte into Telnet option state machine.

Parameters:byte (int) – an 8-bit byte value as integer (0-255), or a bytes array. When a bytes array, it must be of length 1.
Rtype bool:Whether the given byte is “in band”, that is, should be duplicated to a connected terminal or device. False is returned for an IAC command for each byte until its completion.
get_extra_info(name, default=None)

Get optional server protocol information.

handle_abort(byte)

Handle IAC Abort (ABORT, SLC_ABORT).

Similar to Interrupt Process (IP), but means only to abort or terminate the process to which the NVT is connected.

handle_ao(byte)

Handle IAC Abort Output (AO) or SLC_AO.

Discards any remaining output on the transport buffer.

[...] a reasonable implementation would be to suppress the remainder of the text string, but transmit the prompt character and the preceding <CR><LF>.
handle_ayt(byte)

Handle IAC Are You There (AYT, SLC_AYT).

Provides the user with some visible (e.g., printable) evidence that the system is still up and running.

handle_brk(byte)

Handle IAC Break (BRK, SLC_BRK).

Sent by clients to indicate BREAK keypress. This is not the same as IP (^c), but a means to map sysystem-dependent break key such as found on an IBM Systems.

handle_charset(charset)

Receive character set as string, RFC 2066.

handle_dm(cmd)

Handle IAC Data-Mark (DM).

handle_do(opt)

Process byte 3 of series (IAC, DO, opt) received by remote end.

This method can be derived to change or extend protocol capabilities, for most cases, simply returning True if supported, False otherwise.

In special cases of various RFC statutes, state is stored and answered in willing affirmative, with the exception of:

  • DO TM is always answered WILL TM, even if it was already replied to. No state is stored (“Timing Mark”), and the IAC callback registered by set_ext_callback() for cmd TM is called with argument byte DO.
  • DO LOGOUT executes extended callback registered by cmd LOGOUT with argument DO (indicating a request for voluntary logoff).
  • DO STATUS sends state of all local, remote, and pending options.
handle_dont(opt)

Process byte 3 of series (IAC, DONT, opt) received by remote end.

This only results in self.local_option[opt] set to False, with the exception of (IAC, DONT, LOGOUT), which only signals a callback to handle_logout(DONT).

handle_ec(byte)

Handle IAC Erase Character (EC, SLC_EC).

Provides a function which deletes the last preceding undeleted character from data ready on current line of input.

handle_el(byte)

Handle IAC Erase Line (EL, SLC_EL).

Provides a function which discards all the data ready on current line of input. The prompt should be re-displayed.

handle_environ(env)

Receive environment variables as dict, RFC 1572.

handle_eof(byte)

Handle IAC End of Record (EOF, SLC_EOF).

handle_eor(byte)

Handle IAC End of Record (CMD_EOR, SLC_EOR).

handle_ew(slc)

Handle SLC_EW (Erase Word).

Provides a function which deletes the last preceding undeleted character, and any subsequent bytes until next whitespace character from data ready on current line of input.

handle_ga(cmd)

Handle IAC Go-Ahead (GA).

handle_ip(byte)

Handle IAC Interrupt Process (IP, SLC_IP).

handle_lnext(slc)

Handle SLC Literal Next (LNEXT) (Next character is received raw).

handle_logout(cmd)

Handle (IAC, (DO | DONT | WILL | WONT), LOGOUT), RFC 727.

Only the server end may receive (DO, DONT). Only the client end may receive (WILL, WONT).

handle_naws(width, height)

Receive window size width and height, RFC 1073.

handle_nop(cmd)

Handle IAC No-Operation (NOP).

handle_rp(slc)

Handle SLC Repaint (RP).

handle_send_client_charset(charsets)

Send character set selection as string, RFC 2066.

Given the available encodings presented by the server, select and return only one. Returning an empty string indicates that no selection is made (request is ignored).

handle_send_client_environ(keys)

Send environment variables as dict, RFC 1572.

If argument keys is empty, then all available values should be sent. Otherwise, keys is a set of environment keys explicitly requested.

handle_send_naws()

Send window size width and height, RFC 1073.

handle_send_server_charset(charsets)

Send character set (encodings) offered to client, RFC 2066.

handle_send_server_environ()

Server requests environment variables as list, RFC 1572.

handle_send_sndloc()

Send LOCATION value location, RFC 779.

handle_send_tspeed()

Send terminal speed from TSPEED as int, RFC 1079.

handle_send_ttype()

Send TTYPE value ttype, RFC 1091.

handle_send_xdisploc()

Send XDISPLAY value xdisploc, RFC 1096.

handle_sndloc(location)

Receive LOCATION value location, RFC 779.

handle_subnegotiation(buf)

Callback for end of sub-negotiation buffer.

SB options handled here are TTYPE, XDISPLOC, NEW_ENVIRON, NAWS, and STATUS, and are delegated to their handle_ equivalent methods. Implementors of additional SB options should extend this method.
handle_susp(byte)

Handle IAC Suspend Process (SUSP, SLC_SUSP).

Suspends the execution of the current process attached to the NVT in such a way that another process will take over control of the NVT, and the suspended process can be resumed at a later time.

If the receiving system does not support this functionality, it should be ignored.

handle_tm(cmd)

Handle IAC (WILL, WONT, DO, DONT) Timing Mark (TM).

TM is essentially a NOP that any IAC interpreter must answer, if at least it answers WONT to unknown options (required), it may still be used as a means to accurately measure the “ping” time.

handle_tspeed(rx, tx)

Receive terminal speed from TSPEED as int, RFC 1079.

handle_ttype(ttype)

Receive TTYPE value ttype, RFC 1091.

A string value that represents client’s emulation capability.

Some example values: VT220, VT100, ANSITERM, ANSI, TTY, and 5250.

handle_will(opt)

Process byte 3 of series (IAC, DONT, opt) received by remote end.

The remote end requests we perform any number of capabilities. Most implementations require an answer in the affirmative with DO, unless DO has meaning specific for only client or server end, and dissenting with DONT.

WILL ECHO may only be received for clients, answered with DO. WILL NAWS may only be received for servers, answered with DO. BINARY and SGA are answered with DO. STATUS, NEW_ENVIRON, XDISPLOC, and TTYPE is answered with sub-negotiation SEND. The env variables requested in response to WILL NEW_ENVIRON is “SEND ANY”. All others are replied with DONT.

The result of a supported capability is a response of (IAC, DO, opt) and the setting of self.remote_option[opt] of True. For unsupported capabilities, RFC specifies a response of (IAC, DONT, opt). Similarly, set self.remote_option[opt] to False.

handle_wont(opt)

Process byte 3 of series (IAC, WONT, opt) received by remote end.

(IAC, WONT, opt) is a negative acknowledgment of (IAC, DO, opt) sent.

The remote end requests we do not perform a telnet capability.

It is not possible to decline a WONT. T.remote_option[opt] is set False to indicate the remote end’s refusal to perform opt.

handle_xdisploc(xdisploc)

Receive XDISPLAY value xdisploc, RFC 1096.

handle_xoff(byte)

Handle SLC Transmit-Off (XOFF).

handle_xon(byte)

Handle SLC Transmit-On (XON).

iac(cmd, opt=b'')

Send Is-A-Command 3-byte negotiation command.

Returns True if command was sent. Not all commands are legal in the context of client, server, or pending negotiation state, emitting a relevant debug warning to the log handler if not sent.

iac_received = None
inbinary

Whether binary data is expected to be received on reader, RFC 856.

is_oob

The previous byte should not be received by the API stream.

lflow = True
linemode

Linemode instance for stream.

Note

value is meaningful after successful LINEMODE negotiation, otherwise does not represent the linemode state of the stream.

Attributes of the stream’s active linemode may be tested using boolean instance attributes, edit, trapsig, soft_tab, lit_echo, remote, local.

mode

String describing NVT mode.

Rtype str:

One of:

kludge: Client acknowledges WILL-ECHO, WILL-SGA. character-at-

a-time and remote line editing may be provided.

local: Default NVT half-duplex mode, client performs line

editing and transmits only after pressing send (usually CR)

remote: Client supports advanced remote line editing, using

mixed-mode local line buffering (optionally, echoing) until send, but also transmits buffer up to and including special line characters (SLCs).

outbinary

Whether binary data may be written to the writer, RFC 856.

protocol

The protocol attached to this stream.

request_charset()

Request sub-negotiation CHARSET, RFC 2066.

Returns True if request is valid for telnet state, and was sent.

The sender requests that all text sent to and by it be encoded in one of character sets specified by string list codepages, which is determined by function value returned by callback registered using set_ext_send_callback() with value CHARSET.

request_environ()

Request sub-negotiation NEW_ENVIRON, RFC 1572.

Returns True if request is valid for telnet state, and was sent.

request_forwardmask(fmask=None)

Request the client forward their terminal control characters.

Characters are indicated in the Forwardmask instance fmask. When fmask is None, a forwardmask is generated for the SLC characters registered by slctab.

request_status()

Send IAC-SB-STATUS-SEND sub-negotiation (RFC 859).

This method may only be called after IAC-WILL-STATUS has been received. Returns True if status request was sent.

request_tspeed()

Send IAC-SB-TSPEED-SEND sub-negotiation, RFC 1079.

This method may only be called after IAC-WILL-TSPEED has been received. Returns True if TSPEED request was sent.

request_ttype()

Send TTYPE SEND sub-negotiation, RFC 930.

Returns True if request is valid for telnet state, and was sent.

request_xdisploc()

Send XDISPLOC, SEND sub-negotiation, RFC 1086.

Returns True if request is valid for telnet state, and was sent.

send_eor()

Transmit IAC CMD_EOR (End-of-Record), RFC 885.

Returns True if sent. If IAC-DO-EOR has not been received, False is returned and IAC-CMD_EOR is not transmitted.

send_ga()

Transmit IAC GA (Go-Ahead).

Returns True if sent. If IAC-DO-SGA has been received, then False is returned and IAC-GA is not transmitted.

send_iac(buf)

Send a command starting with IAC (base 10 byte value 255).

No transformations of bytes are performed. Normally, if the byte value 255 is sent, it is escaped as IAC + IAC. This method ensures it is not escaped,.

send_lineflow_mode()

Send LFLOW mode sub-negotiation, RFC 1372.

Returns True if request is valid for telnet state, and was sent.

send_linemode(linemode=None)

Set and Inform other end to agree to change to linemode, linemode.

An instance of the Linemode class, or self.linemode when unset.

server

Whether this stream is of the server’s point of view.

set_ext_callback(cmd, func)

Register func as callback for receipt of cmd negotiation.

Parameters:cmd (bytes) – One of the following listed bytes:
  • LOGOUT: for servers and clients, receiving one argument. Server end may receive DO or DONT as argument cmd, indicating client’s wish to disconnect, or a response to WILL, LOGOUT, indicating it’s wish not to be automatically disconnected. Client end may receive WILL or WONT, indicating server’s wish to disconnect, or acknowledgment that the client will not be disconnected.
  • SNDLOC: for servers, receiving one argument: the string describing the client location, such as 'ROOM 641-A', RFC 779.
  • NAWS: for servers, receiving two integer arguments (width, height), such as (80, 24), RFC 1073.
  • TSPEED: for servers, receiving two integer arguments (rx, tx) such as (57600, 57600), RFC 1079.
  • TTYPE: for servers, receiving one string, usually the terminfo(5) database capability name, such as ‘xterm’, RFC 1091.
  • XDISPLOC: for servers, receiving one string, the DISPLAY host value, in form of <host>:<dispnum>[.<screennum>], RFC 1096.
  • NEW_ENVIRON: for servers, receiving a dictionary of (key, val) pairs of remote client environment item values, RFC 1408.
  • CHARSET: for servers, receiving one string, the character set negotiated by client. RFC 2066.
set_ext_send_callback(cmd, func)

Register callback for inquires of sub-negotiation of cmd.

Parameters:
  • func (callable) – A callable function for the given cmd byte. Note that the return type must match those documented.
  • cmd (bytes) –

    These callbacks must return any number of arguments, for each registered cmd byte, respectively:

    • SNDLOC: for clients, returning one argument: the string describing client location, such as b'ROOM 641-A', RFC 779.
    • NAWS: for clients, returning two integer arguments (width, height), such as (80, 24), RFC 1073.
    • TSPEED: for clients, returning two integer arguments (rx, tx) such as (57600, 57600), RFC 1079.
    • TTYPE: for clients, returning one string, usually the terminfo(5) database capability name, such as ‘xterm’, RFC 1091.
    • XDISPLOC: for clients, returning one string, the DISPLAY host value, in form of <host>:<dispnum>[.<screennum>], RFC 1096.
    • NEW_ENVIRON: for clients, returning a dictionary of (key, val) pairs of environment item values, RFC 1408.
    • CHARSET: for clients, receiving iterable of strings of character sets requested by server, callback must return one of those strings given, RFC 2066.
set_iac_callback(cmd, func)

Register callable func as callback for IAC cmd.

BRK, IP, AO, AYT, EC, EL, CMD_EOR, EOF, SUSP, ABORT, and NOP.

These callbacks receive a single argument, the IAC cmd which triggered it.

set_slc_callback(slc_byte, func)

Register func as callable for receipt of slc_byte.

Parameters:
  • slc_byte (bytes) – any of SLC_SYNCH, SLC_BRK, SLC_IP, SLC_AO, SLC_AYT, SLC_EOR, SLC_ABORT, SLC_EOF, SLC_SUSP, SLC_EC, SLC_EL, SLC_EW, SLC_RP, SLC_XON, SLC_XOFF ...
  • func (callable) – These callbacks receive a single argument: the SLC function byte that fired it. Some SLC and IAC functions are intermixed; which signaling mechanism used by client can be tested by evaluating this argument.
slc_received = None
slc_simulated = True
transport
will_echo

Whether Server end is expected to echo back input sent by client.

From server perspective: the server should echo (duplicate) client input back over the wire, the client is awaiting this data to indicate their input has been received.

From client perspective: the server will not echo our input, we should chose to duplicate our input to standard out ourselves.

write(data)

Write a bytes object to the protocol transport.

Return type:None
write_eof()
writelines(lines)

Write unicode strings to transport.

Note that newlines are not added. The sequence can be any iterable object producing strings. This is equivalent to calling write() for each string.

xon_any = False
class TelnetWriterUnicode(transport, protocol, fn_encoding, *, encoding_errors='strict', **kwds)

Bases: telnetlib3.stream_writer.TelnetWriter

A Unicode StreamWriter interface for Telnet protocol.

See ancestor class, TelnetWriter for details.

Requires the fn_encoding callback, receiving mutually boolean keyword argument outgoing=True to determine what encoding should be used to decode the value in the direction specified.

The encoding may be conditionally negotiated by CHARSET, RFC 2066, or discovered by LANG environment variables by NEW_ENVIRON, RFC 1572.

byte_count = 0
can_write_eof()
client

Whether this stream is of the client’s point of view.

close()
cmd_received = None
default_linemode = <b'\x10': lit_echo:True, soft_tab:False, ack:False, trapsig:False, remote:True, local:False>
default_slc_tab = {b'\x07': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x01': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x0e': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x08': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\t': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x06': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x04': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x10': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x03': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x0c': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x02': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x12': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC_nosupport object>, b'\x0b': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\n': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x0f': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x11': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC_nosupport object>, b'\r': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>, b'\x05': <telnetlib3.slc.SLC object>}
drain()

Flush the write buffer.

The intended use is to write

w.write(data) yield from w.drain()
echo(string, errors=None)

Conditionally write string to transport when “remote echo” enabled.

Parameters:
  • string (str) – string received as input, conditionally written.
  • errors (str) – same as meaning in codecs.Codec.

This method may only be called from the server perspective. The default implementation depends on telnet negotiation willingness for local echo: only an RFC-compliant telnet client will correctly set or unset echo accordingly by demand.

encode(string, errors)

Encode string using protocol-preferred encoding.

Parameters:
  • errors (str) – same as meaning in codecs.Codec. When None, value of errors_encoding is used.
  • errors – same as meaning in codecs.Codec, when None (default), value of class initializer keyword argument, encoding_errors.
feed_byte(byte)

Feed a single byte into Telnet option state machine.

Parameters:byte (int) – an 8-bit byte value as integer (0-255), or a bytes array. When a bytes array, it must be of length 1.
Rtype bool:Whether the given byte is “in band”, that is, should be duplicated to a connected terminal or device. False is returned for an IAC command for each byte until its completion.
get_extra_info(name, default=None)

Get optional server protocol information.

handle_abort(byte)

Handle IAC Abort (ABORT, SLC_ABORT).

Similar to Interrupt Process (IP), but means only to abort or terminate the process to which the NVT is connected.

handle_ao(byte)

Handle IAC Abort Output (AO) or SLC_AO.

Discards any remaining output on the transport buffer.

[...] a reasonable implementation would be to suppress the remainder of the text string, but transmit the prompt character and the preceding <CR><LF>.
handle_ayt(byte)

Handle IAC Are You There (AYT, SLC_AYT).

Provides the user with some visible (e.g., printable) evidence that the system is still up and running.

handle_brk(byte)

Handle IAC Break (BRK, SLC_BRK).

Sent by clients to indicate BREAK keypress. This is not the same as IP (^c), but a means to map sysystem-dependent break key such as found on an IBM Systems.

handle_charset(charset)

Receive character set as string, RFC 2066.

handle_dm(cmd)

Handle IAC Data-Mark (DM).

handle_do(opt)

Process byte 3 of series (IAC, DO, opt) received by remote end.

This method can be derived to change or extend protocol capabilities, for most cases, simply returning True if supported, False otherwise.

In special cases of various RFC statutes, state is stored and answered in willing affirmative, with the exception of:

  • DO TM is always answered WILL TM, even if it was already replied to. No state is stored (“Timing Mark”), and the IAC callback registered by set_ext_callback() for cmd TM is called with argument byte DO.
  • DO LOGOUT executes extended callback registered by cmd LOGOUT with argument DO (indicating a request for voluntary logoff).
  • DO STATUS sends state of all local, remote, and pending options.
handle_dont(opt)

Process byte 3 of series (IAC, DONT, opt) received by remote end.

This only results in self.local_option[opt] set to False, with the exception of (IAC, DONT, LOGOUT), which only signals a callback to handle_logout(DONT).

handle_ec(byte)

Handle IAC Erase Character (EC, SLC_EC).

Provides a function which deletes the last preceding undeleted character from data ready on current line of input.

handle_el(byte)

Handle IAC Erase Line (EL, SLC_EL).

Provides a function which discards all the data ready on current line of input. The prompt should be re-displayed.

handle_environ(env)

Receive environment variables as dict, RFC 1572.

handle_eof(byte)

Handle IAC End of Record (EOF, SLC_EOF).

handle_eor(byte)

Handle IAC End of Record (CMD_EOR, SLC_EOR).

handle_ew(slc)

Handle SLC_EW (Erase Word).

Provides a function which deletes the last preceding undeleted character, and any subsequent bytes until next whitespace character from data ready on current line of input.

handle_ga(cmd)

Handle IAC Go-Ahead (GA).

handle_ip(byte)

Handle IAC Interrupt Process (IP, SLC_IP).

handle_lnext(slc)

Handle SLC Literal Next (LNEXT) (Next character is received raw).

handle_logout(cmd)

Handle (IAC, (DO | DONT | WILL | WONT), LOGOUT), RFC 727.

Only the server end may receive (DO, DONT). Only the client end may receive (WILL, WONT).

handle_naws(width, height)

Receive window size width and height, RFC 1073.

handle_nop(cmd)

Handle IAC No-Operation (NOP).

handle_rp(slc)

Handle SLC Repaint (RP).

handle_send_client_charset(charsets)

Send character set selection as string, RFC 2066.

Given the available encodings presented by the server, select and return only one. Returning an empty string indicates that no selection is made (request is ignored).

handle_send_client_environ(keys)

Send environment variables as dict, RFC 1572.

If argument keys is empty, then all available values should be sent. Otherwise, keys is a set of environment keys explicitly requested.

handle_send_naws()

Send window size width and height, RFC 1073.

handle_send_server_charset(charsets)

Send character set (encodings) offered to client, RFC 2066.

handle_send_server_environ()

Server requests environment variables as list, RFC 1572.

handle_send_sndloc()

Send LOCATION value location, RFC 779.

handle_send_tspeed()

Send terminal speed from TSPEED as int, RFC 1079.

handle_send_ttype()

Send TTYPE value ttype, RFC 1091.

handle_send_xdisploc()

Send XDISPLAY value xdisploc, RFC 1096.

handle_sndloc(location)

Receive LOCATION value location, RFC 779.

handle_subnegotiation(buf)

Callback for end of sub-negotiation buffer.

SB options handled here are TTYPE, XDISPLOC, NEW_ENVIRON, NAWS, and STATUS, and are delegated to their handle_ equivalent methods. Implementors of additional SB options should extend this method.
handle_susp(byte)

Handle IAC Suspend Process (SUSP, SLC_SUSP).

Suspends the execution of the current process attached to the NVT in such a way that another process will take over control of the NVT, and the suspended process can be resumed at a later time.

If the receiving system does not support this functionality, it should be ignored.

handle_tm(cmd)

Handle IAC (WILL, WONT, DO, DONT) Timing Mark (TM).

TM is essentially a NOP that any IAC interpreter must answer, if at least it answers WONT to unknown options (required), it may still be used as a means to accurately measure the “ping” time.

handle_tspeed(rx, tx)

Receive terminal speed from TSPEED as int, RFC 1079.

handle_ttype(ttype)

Receive TTYPE value ttype, RFC 1091.

A string value that represents client’s emulation capability.

Some example values: VT220, VT100, ANSITERM, ANSI, TTY, and 5250.

handle_will(opt)

Process byte 3 of series (IAC, DONT, opt) received by remote end.

The remote end requests we perform any number of capabilities. Most implementations require an answer in the affirmative with DO, unless DO has meaning specific for only client or server end, and dissenting with DONT.

WILL ECHO may only be received for clients, answered with DO. WILL NAWS may only be received for servers, answered with DO. BINARY and SGA are answered with DO. STATUS, NEW_ENVIRON, XDISPLOC, and TTYPE is answered with sub-negotiation SEND. The env variables requested in response to WILL NEW_ENVIRON is “SEND ANY”. All others are replied with DONT.

The result of a supported capability is a response of (IAC, DO, opt) and the setting of self.remote_option[opt] of True. For unsupported capabilities, RFC specifies a response of (IAC, DONT, opt). Similarly, set self.remote_option[opt] to False.

handle_wont(opt)

Process byte 3 of series (IAC, WONT, opt) received by remote end.

(IAC, WONT, opt) is a negative acknowledgment of (IAC, DO, opt) sent.

The remote end requests we do not perform a telnet capability.

It is not possible to decline a WONT. T.remote_option[opt] is set False to indicate the remote end’s refusal to perform opt.

handle_xdisploc(xdisploc)

Receive XDISPLAY value xdisploc, RFC 1096.

handle_xoff(byte)

Handle SLC Transmit-Off (XOFF).

handle_xon(byte)

Handle SLC Transmit-On (XON).

iac(cmd, opt=b'')

Send Is-A-Command 3-byte negotiation command.

Returns True if command was sent. Not all commands are legal in the context of client, server, or pending negotiation state, emitting a relevant debug warning to the log handler if not sent.

iac_received = None
inbinary

Whether binary data is expected to be received on reader, RFC 856.

is_oob

The previous byte should not be received by the API stream.

lflow = True
linemode

Linemode instance for stream.

Note

value is meaningful after successful LINEMODE negotiation, otherwise does not represent the linemode state of the stream.

Attributes of the stream’s active linemode may be tested using boolean instance attributes, edit, trapsig, soft_tab, lit_echo, remote, local.

mode

String describing NVT mode.

Rtype str:

One of:

kludge: Client acknowledges WILL-ECHO, WILL-SGA. character-at-

a-time and remote line editing may be provided.

local: Default NVT half-duplex mode, client performs line

editing and transmits only after pressing send (usually CR)

remote: Client supports advanced remote line editing, using

mixed-mode local line buffering (optionally, echoing) until send, but also transmits buffer up to and including special line characters (SLCs).

outbinary

Whether binary data may be written to the writer, RFC 856.

protocol

The protocol attached to this stream.

request_charset()

Request sub-negotiation CHARSET, RFC 2066.

Returns True if request is valid for telnet state, and was sent.

The sender requests that all text sent to and by it be encoded in one of character sets specified by string list codepages, which is determined by function value returned by callback registered using set_ext_send_callback() with value CHARSET.

request_environ()

Request sub-negotiation NEW_ENVIRON, RFC 1572.

Returns True if request is valid for telnet state, and was sent.

request_forwardmask(fmask=None)

Request the client forward their terminal control characters.

Characters are indicated in the Forwardmask instance fmask. When fmask is None, a forwardmask is generated for the SLC characters registered by slctab.

request_status()

Send IAC-SB-STATUS-SEND sub-negotiation (RFC 859).

This method may only be called after IAC-WILL-STATUS has been received. Returns True if status request was sent.

request_tspeed()

Send IAC-SB-TSPEED-SEND sub-negotiation, RFC 1079.

This method may only be called after IAC-WILL-TSPEED has been received. Returns True if TSPEED request was sent.

request_ttype()

Send TTYPE SEND sub-negotiation, RFC 930.

Returns True if request is valid for telnet state, and was sent.

request_xdisploc()

Send XDISPLOC, SEND sub-negotiation, RFC 1086.

Returns True if request is valid for telnet state, and was sent.

send_eor()

Transmit IAC CMD_EOR (End-of-Record), RFC 885.

Returns True if sent. If IAC-DO-EOR has not been received, False is returned and IAC-CMD_EOR is not transmitted.

send_ga()

Transmit IAC GA (Go-Ahead).

Returns True if sent. If IAC-DO-SGA has been received, then False is returned and IAC-GA is not transmitted.

send_iac(buf)

Send a command starting with IAC (base 10 byte value 255).

No transformations of bytes are performed. Normally, if the byte value 255 is sent, it is escaped as IAC + IAC. This method ensures it is not escaped,.

send_lineflow_mode()

Send LFLOW mode sub-negotiation, RFC 1372.

Returns True if request is valid for telnet state, and was sent.

send_linemode(linemode=None)

Set and Inform other end to agree to change to linemode, linemode.

An instance of the Linemode class, or self.linemode when unset.

server

Whether this stream is of the server’s point of view.

set_ext_callback(cmd, func)

Register func as callback for receipt of cmd negotiation.

Parameters:cmd (bytes) – One of the following listed bytes:
  • LOGOUT: for servers and clients, receiving one argument. Server end may receive DO or DONT as argument cmd, indicating client’s wish to disconnect, or a response to WILL, LOGOUT, indicating it’s wish not to be automatically disconnected. Client end may receive WILL or WONT, indicating server’s wish to disconnect, or acknowledgment that the client will not be disconnected.
  • SNDLOC: for servers, receiving one argument: the string describing the client location, such as 'ROOM 641-A', RFC 779.
  • NAWS: for servers, receiving two integer arguments (width, height), such as (80, 24), RFC 1073.
  • TSPEED: for servers, receiving two integer arguments (rx, tx) such as (57600, 57600), RFC 1079.
  • TTYPE: for servers, receiving one string, usually the terminfo(5) database capability name, such as ‘xterm’, RFC 1091.
  • XDISPLOC: for servers, receiving one string, the DISPLAY host value, in form of <host>:<dispnum>[.<screennum>], RFC 1096.
  • NEW_ENVIRON: for servers, receiving a dictionary of (key, val) pairs of remote client environment item values, RFC 1408.
  • CHARSET: for servers, receiving one string, the character set negotiated by client. RFC 2066.
set_ext_send_callback(cmd, func)

Register callback for inquires of sub-negotiation of cmd.

Parameters:
  • func (callable) – A callable function for the given cmd byte. Note that the return type must match those documented.
  • cmd (bytes) –

    These callbacks must return any number of arguments, for each registered cmd byte, respectively:

    • SNDLOC: for clients, returning one argument: the string describing client location, such as b'ROOM 641-A', RFC 779.
    • NAWS: for clients, returning two integer arguments (width, height), such as (80, 24), RFC 1073.
    • TSPEED: for clients, returning two integer arguments (rx, tx) such as (57600, 57600), RFC 1079.
    • TTYPE: for clients, returning one string, usually the terminfo(5) database capability name, such as ‘xterm’, RFC 1091.
    • XDISPLOC: for clients, returning one string, the DISPLAY host value, in form of <host>:<dispnum>[.<screennum>], RFC 1096.
    • NEW_ENVIRON: for clients, returning a dictionary of (key, val) pairs of environment item values, RFC 1408.
    • CHARSET: for clients, receiving iterable of strings of character sets requested by server, callback must return one of those strings given, RFC 2066.
set_iac_callback(cmd, func)

Register callable func as callback for IAC cmd.

BRK, IP, AO, AYT, EC, EL, CMD_EOR, EOF, SUSP, ABORT, and NOP.

These callbacks receive a single argument, the IAC cmd which triggered it.

set_slc_callback(slc_byte, func)

Register func as callable for receipt of slc_byte.

Parameters:
  • slc_byte (bytes) – any of SLC_SYNCH, SLC_BRK, SLC_IP, SLC_AO, SLC_AYT, SLC_EOR, SLC_ABORT, SLC_EOF, SLC_SUSP, SLC_EC, SLC_EL, SLC_EW, SLC_RP, SLC_XON, SLC_XOFF ...
  • func (callable) – These callbacks receive a single argument: the SLC function byte that fired it. Some SLC and IAC functions are intermixed; which signaling mechanism used by client can be tested by evaluating this argument.
slc_received = None
slc_simulated = True
transport
will_echo

Whether Server end is expected to echo back input sent by client.

From server perspective: the server should echo (duplicate) client input back over the wire, the client is awaiting this data to indicate their input has been received.

From client perspective: the server will not echo our input, we should chose to duplicate our input to standard out ourselves.

write(string, errors=None)

Write unicode string to transport, using protocol-preferred encoding.

Parameters:
  • string (str) – unicode string text to write to endpoint using the protocol’s preferred encoding. When the protocol encoding keyword is explicitly set to False, the given string should be only raw b'bytes'.
  • errors (str) – same as meaning in codecs.Codec, when None (default), value of class initializer keyword argument, encoding_errors.
Return type:

None

write_eof()
writelines(lines, errors=None)

Write unicode strings to transport.

Note that newlines are not added. The sequence can be any iterable object producing strings. This is equivalent to calling write() for each string.

xon_any = False